Category: Manual Mode

Digital Camera Photo Editing Software

Digital Camera Photo Editing Software

Digital Camera Photo Editing Software.

 Advantages to processing and developing your photos in the digital darkroom.

In today’s world, everything has to be instantaneous, there’s an app for everything, from monitoring your sleep to counting your calories.  We live in an instant world.

So, when it comes to Digital Camera Photo Editing SoftwareWhy?” I hear you say, would I want to bother when my camera or smartphone can take images which can be uploaded within a few seconds of being taken?

Using the Lensbaby Optic Swap System, having the capabilities to post process my images to create what I have visualised is priceless.  This is one of many reasons that I choose to use digital camera photo editing software.

As covered in my previous article (Click here for more information) most D-SLR cameras have the capacity to capture images in RAW mode which cannot be uploaded to your social media account but has the maximum amount of information in a digital photo for quality images.

This is where Digital Camera Photo Editing Software comes in.

This article is not intended to review photo editing software but instead, to help you grow your creativity as a photographer.  Everyone has their own opinion as to which is the best software, so I will leave that down to you to find what suits your needs.

A little bit of background information first of all.

In 2007, for my birthday I was lucky enough to receive a D-SLR in the form of my trusty Olympus E400.  I was a newcomer to digital photography, quite happily working in auto mode and snapping all of my photos as JPEG files.  As my confidence with the camera grew, I found that I was becoming increasingly dissatisfied with the images I was producing.

The Photography Institute provide a fantastic online course, covering every aspect of digital photography which was exactly what I was looking for.  So I signed up and over the following 8 months, completed the 12 modules and received my Diploma in recognition of my progress.

As a part of this course, you are expected to work with photo processing software.  Possessing a very early version of Adobe Photoshop Elements, I was armed and ready…or so I thought!

The first stumbling blocks appeared when asked to perform certain tasks as a part of the course – I couldn’t follow what was expected of me, or it took a lot longer and was a frustrating time.  I contacted my tutor and it became apparent how much had changed from Elements to Elements 8, which was the current software at that time.  Oops!

A swift purchase from Amazon rectified this and the rest, as they say, is history.  I was able to complete the course and realised that my idea of getting perfect images straight out of the camera was perhaps, too idealistic, being limited also by the presets that the manufacturers deem to be the benchmark for photos.

Digital Camera Photo Editing Software

Part of this course touched on Digital Camera Photo Editing Software and the importance of the digital darkroom as an introduction as there are numerous stand-alone courses offered by multiple different providers which delve much further into this.

To get the best quality image, it is highly recommended first of all to take your photos in Camera RAW.  From this, you are then able to import these into the computer and open using the digital camera photo editing software.

Digital Camera Photo Editing Software
Adobe Photoshop on Apple iMac

Personally, I use Adobe CS6,   Within CS6 there are a host of programs which include Photoshop and Lightroom.   This was the final edition that you could buy to install onto your home computer before Adobe launched their Creative Cloud system.

Whilst I see the advantages of this for portability and saving space on your hard drive, I also see the disadvantages, which if anything happened to Adobe’s server which hosts your files, could be catastrophic.  If you use cloud storage of any sort, it is worth backing up your cloud files locally to a storage device just in case.

Workflow

With digital camera photo editing software, you now need to establish your workflow routine to create shortcuts or presets to help you maximise your efficiency without impeding on your creativity.  There are many suggested ideas on the web, you will find your own workflow method as you gain confidence with your digital camera photo processing software.

Digital Camera Photo Processing Software
Opening RAW file with Photoshop (.ORF file extension)

The first part of your workflow will be to import your RAW files into your digital camera photo editing software.  From here you have the capacity to make many adjustments, to increase or decrease the exposure, adjust the clarity, crop, straighten and pull detail from the shadows.

As shown in the image below of Alfie, our cat, his eyes are not very well lit, there are a lot of shadows and dark areas present within this image which can be altered within my digital camera photo editing software.

Digital Camera Photo Editing Software
Adjustment sliders within the Editor mode.

And now the fun begins!

You can also apply a vignette, create an atmospheric black and white image, add noise/grain, create a masterpiece by adding layers, take multiple photos of a scene and by stitching them together turn them into a panoramic view.

For portrait photos, you can perform dodge and burn techniques to give greater depth to an image, or if you have used the flash in your photo, you can then remove the red eye effect.  The potential for creativity is limited only by your imagination and vision.

Adjusting the shadows, increasing the clarity and adjusting the exposure value slightly has lifted the image of Alfie.  Post editing, I have then selected the create Black and White image option as you can see in the screenshot below.

Alfie, post editing and converted to a black and white image.

Once you have finished your editing, personally I would recommend that you save the open files twice.  The first copies will be TIF files, the next will be in JPEG format.  A TIF file is too high a quality for uploading onto the internet but if you are turning your hobby into a business, are of the resolution that you would show to prospective clients within your portfolio.  The JPEG files can then be showcased on the internet.  Don’t forget to add a watermark with copyright information onto the JPEG files to protect your work.

It is worth mentioning here that a lot of camera manufacturers produce their own digital camera photo editing software which is included with the purchase of your camera.  Olympus, for example, supplied their Olympus Master Software with my E400 camera.  I have to confess that my experience with this was limited, having Adobe Photoshop Elements initially, progressing onto my current software within CS6.

There are numerous digital camera photo editing software programs freely available to download from the Internet.  Gimp is one which comes highly recommended, although again I have no experience of, I know people who have worked with this and are completely satisfied with this program.

Photo editing can be fun, relaxing and gives you something to do on a rainy afternoon.  If you ensure that you do not overwrite your original RAW files, you are able to revisit the same photo many times over, applying different editing techniques and effects, which is also a great benchmark to show you how your skills have improved.  It is also a great way of reviewing your work which will help you to improve as a photographer in the future.

For anyone using a mobile phone to take their photos, there are fun apps such as Snapchat which put a twist on the photo, but if you are looking for a more serious effect, Adobe Lightroom is currently available as a free download for mobile devices which I use on my Samsung Galaxy S3 Mini and am very happy with the results.

With the use of digital camera photo editing software, you may then feel inspired to make some money from your hobby by becoming a freelance photographer, having your first image published is a wonderful feeling.

Digital Camera Photo Editing Software
The finished image with copyright applied as a watermark.

Please feel free to comment on what experiences you have with photo editing and I hope that you have enjoyed reading my article on Digital Camera Photo Editing Software.

 

RAW v JPEG Myth

RAW v JPEG Myth?

RAW v JPEG Myth or fact?

This is a contentious subject within the realm of digital photography, what type of file format should you take your photos in?  RAW v JPEG Myth or fact?

I’m not here to lecture you, only to explain the differences in these two types of file format.  The right choice is what works best for you.

Expanding on the RAW v JPEG Myth

Most D-SLR’s have the option to change the mode that the images are saved as within the camera.  The default factory setting is likely to be JPEG.  This is an excellent choice for someone who is new to photography, to enable them to get used to other settings and controls on their camera.

The file extension JPEG derives its name from the Joint Photographic Expert Group as a standard for images.  Full details can be found here for those of you interested in the background and technical information; it would be pure plagiarism for me to go in-depth to that degree.

However, to summarise the information on Wikipedia, JPEG files are flexible, you can determine what quality you wish to save your file as, which in turn determines the size of the file in storage terms.

This is illustrated in the photos above, the image on the left showing you how many photos I can store on my E400 using the lowest quality JPEG file, the one on the right, the highest quality RAW file.  This is using a 16Gb CF Card, the largest that my trusty E400 can handle.

However, as you have probably worked out, lower quality files take less space but have a lower quality or resolution.  Whilst this is ok for social media and websites, if you were looking to be a professional photographer selling your images, you would want better resolution.

RAW v JPEG Myth

If you put your camera into RAW mode, the first thing you will notice is just how few images you can save onto your memory card compared to JPEG.  However, the file size has increased dramatically.

The reason for this is that in RAW mode the camera captures everything to the highest possible degree.  Typically on my E400, each RAW file is between 8 and 10Mb!  That’s a lot of pixels and data.

Sounds great?  The major drawback with a RAW file is that it is too large to upload onto the internet in its native state.  A lot of websites will not recognise a RAW file either.  So what do you do?

I would take a step back to the days of the SLR camera as discussed here and think laterally – a RAW file is like 35mm film – this film required processing in the darkroom to produce first the negatives, then the prints.

A RAW file needs to be ‘developed’ in the digital darkroom into a usable file format.  I use Adobe CS6 which has Photoshop and Lightroom within the package, however, there are many different software options out there, including bespoke software which comes with your camera and those which are available freely or at a lower price than Adobe.  CS6 has been superseded by the Creative Cloud plan, not something I am a fan of, to be honest.

RAW v JPEG Myth

Within Photoshop I can then make many adjustments to my RAW file to create my final image.  This can be simply a process of opening the RAW file and then saving a copy as a low-resolution JPEG with no edits, or applying the sharpening tool, desaturating the colour to create a ‘black and white’ image or applying a vignette.

These edits are partially possible with a JPEG file, however, you are starting with a file which doesn’t have as much basic information as a RAW file.  The professional photographer will then save 2 versions of the edited file, as a TIF and JPEG.  The TIF file is a quality between JPEG and RAW and is a format understood by most programs.

A RAW file will take longer to save to the memory card within your camera than a JPEG, due to the size of data being written to the card.

Another downside to RAW files is that because this file type (e.g. Olympus are .ORF) cannot be read unless you have the codec or photo editing software, you cannot upload onto social media sites directly from the camera, (a lot of modern DSLRs have built in WiFi and can upload instantly) you have to do the processing as described above, which in today’s instant society, is a huge drawback.

RAW v JPEG Myth

However, as illustrated above, most DSLRs have the option to save both the RAW file and a JPEG file simultaneously, the JPEG file can be ready for immediate upload onto the web, the RAW file can be processed in the digital darkroom.  But this does restrict the number of images as you can see.

Personally, I always shoot in RAW, then edit my photos.  I find this therapeutic and a great way to reflect on my work.  I find flaws that weren’t immediately obvious and can be more critical of my work rather than being caught up in the moment.  I can then also revisit my RAW files and apply different processing methods, to create fresh images.

RAW v JPEG Myth?

Hopefully, I haven’t lectured you too much and you will take your camera out to try shooting images in RAW to then see for yourself which you prefer.   Do you feel that the RAW v JPEG myth is still contentious?

Happy clicking!

Kaz 🙂

What is Manual Mode?

What is Manual Mode?

What is manual mode?What is Manual Mode?

In the third part of this series we take a look at What is Manual Mode to make the final step towards creating better photos.

By now you should have read my previous articles about Aperture Priority and Shutter Priority and realise that the camera in your hands is far more capable of creating wonderful images using these modes.  I would like to explain What is Manual Mode and encourage you to experiment with your photography.

Many people (myself included a few years ago) assume that the Auto setting on the dial is the best mode for their camera; this is designed by the manufacturers so why mess with it?

There are many situations that as a photographer you will find yourself in that calls for creativity, the lighting may not be so great, you may only want a very shallow depth of field or to make a portrait stand out want wonderful bokeh in the background.  Auto mode will struggle to do these effectively.

Using either Aperture Priority or Shutter Priority will improve your skills to create your photo in challenging circumstances but understanding and using the Manual mode will, with time and practise, produce photos that are unique, crafted by you.

Down to the nitty gritty then – What is Manual Mode?

What is Manual Mode?

By turning the dial to Manual, you are now taking control of the camera settings.  By this, you will now be responsible for setting the shutter speed, F-stop (aperture) and ISO.

The ISO is something we have not really touched on before.  This sets the amount of grain or ‘noise’ in an image.  The lower the ISO equates to maximum clarity.  However, you may want to create an antiqued effect image, with lots of ‘speckles’ or grain.  For this effect you would select a high value of 1600+.  Also, with using a higher ISO, you are then able to take photos in low light conditions without the need for artificial lighting.

So, with Auto firmly switched off you are going to have to think about the following:

  • What kind of photo do I want to create?
  • What do I see?
  • What are the lighting conditions?

I would recommend that you get into the habit of setting your camera as follows in Manual mode:

  • Shutter speed 1/125
  • Aperture F8
  • ISO – 100

What is Manual Mode?

This is a good base to start from.  The shutter speed can be increased or decreased depending on the subject matter and the aperture depends on what Depth of Field you are aiming for.  The ISO can then be set dependent on the values used for shutter and aperture and type of photo you are visualising.

What is Manual Mode?

It is a good idea to get into the habit of checking your camera’s settings before you take photos, as you may have forgotten to change a value when you last used it.  I have done this one or two times and have been very disappointed when I realised this.

What is Manual Mode?

Looking through the viewfinder at the camera’s display, by pressing the shutter release half way you should get a visual indicator to show what exposure you have with the settings.  The plus symbol or the bar being too far to the right means too bright, over exposed.  Highlights will be blown out.  Too far to the left or the minus symbol means not enough light, under exposed.  Shadows will have little detail.

What is Manual Mode?
Image through the viewfinder of my Olympus E400. The value of -4.3 indicates under exposed, too dark for the correct exposure.

You then are able to adjust the shutter, aperture and ISO to correct the exposure value.  A lot of photographers also refer to the camera’s built-in histogram, which indicates whether an image is not balanced.  However this is not appropriate all of the time, but is a good guide.  The histogram can be found by referring to your camera manual and can be used to examine an image that you have taken.

I learned a valuable lesson from the photography course I completed a few years ago.  To better understand my camera, I took 3 photos, 1 deliberately under exposed, one over exposed and one at the correct exposure value.  Using Adobe Photoshop Elements, I was tasked with trying to then pull the photos back, learning what my camera’s capabilities are.  I now know how far I am able to push my camera before the image is unusable.

As you become more confident and accomplished with your camera you will not even realise you are running through a mental checklist, you will start to be able to select the correct values in your camera to take carefully crafted photos in your own unique style.

What is Manual Mode?
Views of Snowdonia.

Thanks for reading this, I hope that this article inspires you to try taking photos manually.  Please feel free to leave any comments below about your experiences.

Happy clicking!

 

Kaz:-)

 

 

Lensbaby Composer – Edge 80 Optic

Lensbaby Composer –  Edge 80 Optic is a little different from the others in the optic swap system as it does not require the separate aperture discs supplied with other Lensbaby Optics.  This, doubled with the tilt-shift effect makes it a very good lens to start your collection with as you will build up your confidence with this in no time at all.

The aperture is controlled on the lens, via the built in aperture blades.  This differs from other Lensbaby optics as they have separate aperture discs that you insert.  There are 12 sturdy aperture blades in the Edge 80, from F2.8 to F22 giving a very workable range for the depth of field.

Robin – Olympus E400 and Lensbaby Composer with Edge 80 Optic. The focal plane is straight, no tilt and close focus used.

The Edge 80 is a very straightforward lens to work with. It has the additional feature of a close focus lens, which is activated by pulling the ring at the front away from the camera.  This adjusts the focal point as it has moved the lens further away from the sensor.  This can be utilised as a ‘zoom’ lens or, for best effect, a close up or macro lens.  This works best with the tilt angle set to zero, or to maximum of 19º.

Used in conjunction with the Lensbaby Composer, the Edge 80 works very much the same as a traditional lens if the focal plane is in line with the camera.  However, if you unlock the Composer and adjust the angle to up or down, left or right, you then achieve the ‘slice’.  This gives a very narrow depth of field, blurring the background of the image.   With the right subject matter, the image takes on a new perspective; miniaturised, a diorama.

Waterfall, Olympus E400 and Lensbaby Composer with Edge 80 Optic. Note that the focal plane is tilted, giving the ‘diorama effect’.

Focusing is as always, via the focusing ring on the Lensbaby Composer, which moves the optics in the lens away or toward the camera.  As stated before, it is very important to adjust the diopter or viewfinder in manual mode (there is an adjustment knob or lever beside the diopter) as this will affect your ability to get the subject in focus.

Due to the nature of the Edge 80, it is a more expensive lens within the Lensbaby range, however good quality used lenses can be sourced via reputable internet marketplace sellers, such as Amazon, Ebay, Gumtree and online camera retailers.  The build quality is very robust and this optic will last you for many years to come.

Happy Clicking!

 

Kaz